What are the symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder?
It can sometimes be difficult to tell the difference between a hard-headed child and one with oppositional defiant disorder. This discernment is made especially difficult because of the varying levels of severity a child may experience with their ODD. Oppositional behavior is a normal part of a child’s developmental processes, so it’s to be expected from time to time. However, when a child has ODD, these behaviors are disruptive to everyday life. The most widely recognized of these symptoms include:
- A hot temper.
- Frequent outbursts and temper tantrums
- Touchy and easily irritated.
- Frequently resentful.
- Can be spiteful toward others.
- Blames others for their problems.
- Refusing to obey authority figures.
- Constant arguing.
- Deliberately upsets people.
When does oppositional defiant disorder develop?
Most commonly, oppositional defiant disorder develops around preschool. Some individuals begin to show symptoms later than normal but never before entering the teen years. A late diagnosis does not correlate to a late onset of ODD but rather a missed opportunity for diagnosis earlier in life.
Can oppositional defiant disorder be diagnosed in adults?
Yes, oppositional defiant disorder can be diagnosed in adults. In most cases, these are adults who have had ODD their whole lives and have simply gone undiagnosed. In adults, oppositional defiant disorder can manifest in work conflicts, relationship troubles, and a variety of other circumstances. Some other ways ODD shows in adults include:
- Feelings of anger directed at the world.
- Dislike for authority.
- Defensive of themselves.
- Blaming others.
- Feeling misunderstood.