What is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
Does your child have trouble with impulse control or paying attention in school? Do some people even describe them as overly active? There is the chance that they may have a common brain developmental condition called attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This type of disorder can also affect adults and is responsible for controlling how we focus and control our behavior.
Who suffers from this type of disorder?
ADHD is the most common mental illness diagnosed in children impacting over six million annually. Research shows this disorder may be diagnosed as early as three years old. It appears to impact young boys more than girls. It is usually diagnosed when they begin school since they may begin showing problems with paying attention or controlling their behavior in the classroom.
Can adults have ADHD?
About four percent of adults also have ADHD; however, their presentation may differ from children. Adults may be described as having poor time management skills or have difficulties with multitasking.
What are the different types of ADHD?
Three different types of ADHD are recognized at this time:
- Inattentive Presentation: symptoms of inattention but not hyperactivity-impulsivity, which usually involves problems with focus and completing tasks. This type is more frequent in female patients.
- Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity but not inattention which usually involves difficulty sitting still or constantly being on the go. This type is mostly seen in preschool-aged children.
- Combined Presentation: symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity.