How is thyroid cancer treated?
Thyroid cancer has a very high cure rate. Your chances of a cure increase with early diagnosis and treatment, and if the cancer has not spread to other parts of your body.
Treatment can include:
- Surgery to remove all or part of your thyroid is the most widely used treatment. If cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, they may also be removed.
- Radioiodine therapy can shrink and/or destroy the cancer and diseased thyroid gland.
- Radiation can kill cancer cells and stop them from growing.
- Chemotherapy can kill cancer cells and stop the cancer from growing.
- Hormone therapy stops the release of hormones to prevent the cancer from spreading or returning.
What treatment is best?
Your treatment will be determined based on the type and stage of your cancer and overall health. If the cancer is advanced, or you have an aggressive type that cannot be cured, treatment will focus on stopping it from growing and spreading. This will likely be done by removing or destroying as much cancer as possible. Treatment may also focus on relieving pain and swallowing problems. Follow-up treatment will include regular blood tests or thyroid scans to check for cancer recurrence.
Who treats thyroid cancer?
Your thyroid cancer treatment team can include surgeons, endocrinologists who treat diseases in hormone-producing glands, and oncologists who use radiation or chemotherapy. Your treatment team may also include psychologists, nurses, rehabilitation specialists, or social workers.
The endocrine specialists at Inland Endocrine provide patients with the personalized care necessary to accurately diagnose and treat thyroid cancers.