What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is the most common of all endocrine disorders. Diabetes can develop if you have an insulin deficiency or your body is resistant to insulin, which causes your blood glucose (blood sugar) level to be too high. Insulin is an essential hormone that affects metabolism. There are three main types of this chronic (long-term) condition: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
What’s the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It develops most frequently in children and adolescents. There may be no symptoms and it can develop quickly. Type 2 diabetes develops more gradually and begins as insulin resistance. It occurs most frequently in adults. Type 2 diabetes is more common, making up 90-95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is characterized by high glucose during pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes goes away once the pregnancy ends. However, having gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Having diabetes while pregnant can also increase the chance of complications for both the mother and child. Gestational diabetes often presents with no, or only mild, symptoms. It’s very important to get tested in your first or second trimester of pregnancy to make sure your insulin level is well controlled.