What is depression?
Depression, also identified as major depressive disorder, is a common mental illness estimated by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to affect almost 7% of American adults annually. It’s normal to feel low at times, but depression tends to exacerbate and lengthen these stretches of sadness for those affected. Depression affects how a person feels, thinks, and acts and may have a major impact on their day-to-day functions, causing a lack of interest in hobbies. Along with a variety of physical and mental issues, depression can range from mild to severe.
Are depression rates increasing?
Depression rates in America are on the rise, especially among the young teenage population. One study conducted by researchers at Columbia University found a significant rise in depression rates from 2005 to 2015, with rates for young teens increasing from 8.7% to 12.7%. Because of these drastic changes and how depression affects society as a whole, it’s important to have a good awareness of what depression is and what can be done to help treat the condition.
Are depression and anxiety related?
When it comes to anxiety and depression, many people with one experience bouts of the other at some point in their life. Anxiety and depression are commonly seen together and respond to similar treatments. It’s also possible to experience anxiety as a symptom of depression or to have depression triggered by an anxiety disorder.
What are the types of depression?
While this article focuses primarily on major depressive disorder, there are several other variations of depression that may impact an individual. Most respond to similar treatment options. The main types of depression are:
- Major depressive disorder
- Persistent depressive disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Seasonal depression
- Postpartum depression
- Psychotic depression