What is a head injury?
A head injury is caused by any injury or wound (trauma) to the scalp, skull or brain. The trauma can be due to a fall, car accident, violence, or jolt. Head injuries are also caused by an object (bullet, shattered piece of skull) that goes through the skill and into brain tissue. The effects of the injury can affect your head temporarily, or cause physical damage to the brain, which can cause long-term effects, permanent damage or complications, even death. Older people, young children and males of any age have the highest risk of head injury.
What are the different types of head injuries?
A head injury is also classified by whether it’s closed or open. A closed injury is the result of a hard blow but it does not break the skull. An open injury is a blow that breaks the skull and penetrates the brain.
Why should I worry about head injury?
While most head injuries heal by themselves, a severe head injury can cause permanent damage, disability or even death. The physical, psychological and cognitive (intellectual) damages can become chronic and have a profound impact on the patient. Long-term treatment can be expensive and difficult for the patient to endure.