What are the symptoms of autism?
Problems with communication and social interactions are a hallmark of autism. Some of the most common symptoms of autism spectrum disorder include:
- Aversion to physical touch.
- Difficulty with eye contact.
- Difficulty explaining and understanding emotions.
- An unusual attachment to certain objects.
- Strange behaviors or interests.
- An affinity for organization.
- Limited use of language.
- Dislike of changing routines.
- Repeating words, sounds, and phrases.
- Issues with fine motor skills.
How does autism present in females?
Girls display different autistic traits than boys. Females with autism are more likely to interact with the world passively, which can be mistaken for a shy personality. As they age and encounter more social situations, they may have difficulty establishing interpersonal relations, leading them to seek treatment later in life. Therefore, many girls with autism are not properly diagnosed from an early age.
What are the types of autism?
Autism has several different subsections. The section under which an individual is classified may help in determining a treatment course. The main subsections of autism are:
- Autistic disorder: This is the “classic” autism that most people picture. People with this disorder experience communication and socialization issues, language delays, and unusual interests.
- Asperger’s syndrome: Asperger’s is one of the milder forms on the autism spectrum. Those with Asperger’s tend not to experience as many problems with language or intellectual disabilities. Their condition is more centered around unusual interests and social challenges.
- Pervasive developmental disorder: For those that fit some criteria from the first two categories but not enough to be classified as having autistic disorder or Asperger’s, the pervasive developmental disorder diagnosis may be appropriate.
Although these are the three main types of autism, it’s important to remember each child will display symptoms differently. Each person’s autism also varies in severity, so you’ll want to speak with a medical professional to verify your or your child’s diagnosis.
Can autism get worse with age?
If left untreated, autism symptoms can increase with age. When a person doesn’t understand their condition, they are more likely to experience worsening symptoms over time. Those who do receive treatment, however, generally notice an improvement in their symptoms over time. With the proper tools and support, people learn to manage their symptoms and lead normal lives.