What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is caused by an underactive thyroid gland that doesn’t produce enough hormone. The thyroid is located at the bottom front of the neck, surrounding the trachea. This small gland produces important hormones, T3 and T4, that regulate metabolism, which in turn effects all organs in the body.
Is hypothyroidism an autoimmune disease?
Hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease, which means the body produces antibodies that attack the body’s own cells. Hashimoto’s disease, which causes about 90% of all hypothyroidism cases, destroys thyroid cells.
Can hypothyroidism be cured?
It cannot be cured with medication, but is easily treatable with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. If the thyroid gland becomes inflamed, the inflammation can sometimes trigger short-term hyper- or hypothyroidism.