What is a migraine headache?
A migraine headache can cause severe, throbbing, or pulsing pain, usually on one side of the head. It often includes nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. The pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities. Migraine is much more than a severe headache, it’s a neurological (nervous system) disease that can be debilitating and cause wide-ranging symptoms.
The cause is unknown but most people who have migraines also have a close family member with the disease. Migraines are recurring, and can occur rarely or several times a month. Attacks can last for four hours to days if not treated.
Migraines are often undiagnosed and untreated. If you regularly have signs and symptoms of migraine, keep a record of your attacks and how you treated them. Medications can help prevent some migraines and make them less painful. The right medicines, combined with self-help remedies and lifestyle changes, can help.